Glossary, water treatment plants, environmental engineering, sewage discharges, drinking water



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Oil separator (grease trap), Permeate, Pump station (lift station), Purification, Remineralisation, Reverse Osmosis, Salinity, Sea water, Sedimentation, Sewer (sewerage system), Sludge, Sterilization, Ultrafiltration, Waste water (wastewater), Water hardness, Water pollution, Water purification, Glossary, water treatment plants, environmental engineering, sewage discharges, drinking water


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FAQ
Glossary
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Oil separator (grease trap)
Oil separator (grease trap): is a collector usually in cement or plastic designed to separate gross amounts of fats and oils and suspended solids from waste water coming from kitchens and bathrooms (excluding toilets).
Permeate
Permeate: this terms refers to the treated water exiting a water purification plant.
Pump station (lift station)
Pump station (lift station): is a station of one or more pumps employed to pump (lift) water from one place to another.
Purification
Purification: the technological system used to eliminate contaminants from liquid or gases through mechanical, physical and/or biological processes.
Remineralisation
Remineralisation: the technological system designed to add dissolved mineral salts to water.
Reverse Osmosis
Reverse Osmosis (RO): is a filtration method that removes many types of large molecules and ions from liquids by applying pressure to the solution when it is on one side of a selective membrane.
Salinity
Salinity: is a parameter used to describe the the salt content of a body of water.
Sea water
Sea water: water that comes from the seas and oceans of the world, in which the concentration of dissolved salts is 35 grams/litre.
Sedimentation
Sedimentation: is the tendency for particles or molecules to settle out of the liquid solution in which they are suspended. Sedimentation can be caused by gravity, centrifugal force or by electricity.
Sewer (sewerage system)
Sewer (sewerage system): refers to the network of channels and pipelines, generally underground, which collect waste water and transport it to a treatment plant located outside of urban centres.
Sludge
Sludge: is a term that refers to the mix of solid material, coming from a relatively small quantity of water, which is discharged from a waste water treatment plant.
Sterilization
Sterilization: refers to the elimination and/or the complete inactivation of all forms of life present on a surface, contained in a fluid, or in a compound.
Ultrafiltration
Ultrafiltration: is a type of membrane filtration in which hydrostatic pressure forces a liquid against a semipermeable membrane
Waste water (wastewater)
Waste water (wastewater): any water that has been adversely affected in quality following its use in domestic residences, commercial properties, industry and/or agriculture. Waste water can carry a wide range of potential contaminants and concentrations.
Water hardness
Water hardness: refers to water with a high mineral content in particular calcium, magnesium and some heavy metals.
Water pollution
Water pollution: is the contamination of lakes, rivers, oceans, groundwater and any bodies of water.
Water purification
(Drinking) water purification: a series of physical and/or chemical treatments to produce drinking water;

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